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Foreign Agricultural Service

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005 (modified on Jun 24, 2005)
Total Funding:$517,787,000
Funding Programs:11
Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) conducts the export promotion and service agency for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Stimulates overseas markets for U.S. agricultural products. FAS fulfills its role as the promotional agency for the world's largest agricultural export business through its network of agricultural counselors, attaches, and trade officers stationed overseas and its backup team of analysts, marketing specialists, negotiators, and related specialists. FAS maintains a worldwide agricultural intelligence and reporting system through its attached service. FAS also has a continuing market development program to develop, service, and expand commercial export markets for U.S. agricultural products. By virtue of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978, FAS received authority to open at least 6 and not more than 25 agricultural trade offices overseas to develop, maintain and expand international markets for U.S. agricultural commodities. Ten of these offices have been established and are located in such key markets as West Germany, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, and Mexico City. To improve access for U.S. farm products abroad, FAS international trade policy specialists coordinate and direct USDA's responsibilities in international trade agreement programs and negotiations. FAS also manages the Public Law 480 Program, Titles I and III (Food for Peace Program), and the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Export Credit Guarantee Programs. Public Law 480 is aimed at long-range improvement in the economies of developing countries. Commercial programs promote commercial agricultural exports by providing credit guarantees to exporters which are used to obtain additional U.S. exports. Title I, the concession sales section of Public Law 480, provides for low-interest, long-term credit to recipients of U.S. farm commodities. The Title II program authorizes the donation of agricultural commodities to foreign governments, voluntary relief agencies, or intergovernmental organizations. Title III permits multiyear programming and forgiveness of dollar payments, provided the recipient country undertakes specific agricultural and economic development projects for commodities delivered under Title I agreements. FAS focuses on sharing knowledge of agriculture through development assistance and cooperation with other countries. Primary activities are providing technical assistance and training in agriculture to other countries, particularly the developing world; working with international food and agricultural organizations to solve world food problems; and sponsoring scientific exchanges and research that will help farmers both at home and aboard.

Funding Programs